Diabetic / Orthopedic Shoes
People with diabetes are at high risk of developing both impaired circulation to the feet and nerve damage in the feet. Impaired circulation causes wounds on the feet to heal more slowly, raising their risk of becoming infected. Nerve damage can cause loss of sensation in the feet, which means a person may not feel heat, cold, or pain in his feet. The person may not notice that their shoes are rubbing, pinching or even that they are walking on small objects. The combination of impaired circulation and nerve damage sets the stage for foot ulcers. When you add ill-fitting shoes to the mix, the risk of developing an ulcer goes even higher. But finding shoes that fit well is not impossible, and they don’t have to be ugly, either.
What not to buy
High-heeled shoes fall into this category. High heels put increased pressure on the ball of the foot and place the back of the foot in an unstable position. They also increase shear, or the movement of foot tissues in opposing directions. Shear is the primary cause of calluses, blisters, and ulcers. A suitable heel will be less than one inch in height.
Slip-on loafers are another style that is best left at the store. Because there is very little of the shoe covering the top of the foot, they provide inadequate support. They are also usually made of unpadded, rigid leather, which can be a source of friction.
Sandals that have straps between the toes are unsuitable as well, since the straps cause irritation.
Who should buy Diabetic / Orthopedic shoes?
Patients with the following conditions should wear diabetic or orthopedic shoes:
- Plantar Fasciitis